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Endemic species

Animal or plant species that can only be found in a specific location in the world.


Photo
Paulo Henrique Silva | SIARAM
Azorean Holly Ilex perado azorica
Description Evergreen bushes or small trees, dioecious (with different male and female plants), smooth bark. Leaves are simple, pointed, to 6 x 5 cm. Flowers have white petals and fruits are round and red, to 8 mm. Found dispersed in ravines and in forests of Laurel, Azorian Juniperus and Australian Cheesewood; 250 to 570 m.
Taxonomic Status Subspecies Endemic to the Azores
Conservation Status Non evaluated


Photo Paulo Henrique Silva | SIARAM
Hawkbit Leontodon rigens
Description 20-50 cm, with erect stalk, highly branched in the upper part. Leaves of the basal rosette are simple, toothed, measuring to 30 x 10 cm. Flowers are yellow with up to 40 per capitulum. Achene measures around 4-5 mm, pappus to 7 mm, in two rows.
Taxonomic Status Endemic to the Azores except Santa Maria and Graciosa
Conservation Status Non evaluated
 

Photo Paulo Henrique Silva | SIARAM
Azorean Blueberry Vaccinium cylindraceum
Description Tall deciduous shrub or small tree to 3.5 m with oblong, sharply pointed, serrated leaves of 3-5 cm. Flowers have white, pink or red petals, making a bell shaped corolla to 1.5 cm wide. Edible fruit is oval and dark blue. It is found on steep hillsides and in forests of Laurel and Azorean Juniperus, over 300 m.
Taxonomic Status Endemic to the Azores except Graciosa
Conservation Status Near threatened


Photo Paulo Henrique Silva | SIARAM
Azorean Cherry Prunus azorica
Description Small tree or shrub, to 6 m. Young shoots brownish-red, with simple, sharply pointed elliptic leaves, to 12 x6 cm. Flowers with 5 white petals up to 5 mm. Black fruit fairly pointed. It’s an almost extinct plant of the remaining Laurel Forest, found in very shaded ravines and craters from 500 to 600 m.
Taxonomic Status Endemic to the Azores except Santa Maria, Graciosa, Flores and Corvo
Conservation Status Critically endangered


Photo Paulo Henrique Silva | SIARAM
Azorean Laurustinus Viburnum treleasei
Description Small evergreen shrub with more or less pubescent shoots. Leaves are simple, oval  opposites; to 8 x 5 cm. Corolla is pinkish-white with 5 lobes to 1 cm in diameter. Fruit is a dark-blue drupe with 1 seed. Dispersed to rare on steep hillsides, ravines and craters, from 400 to 800 m.
Taxonomic Status Endemic to the Azores except Graciosa
Conservation Status Near threatened


Photo Paulo Henrique Silva | SIARAM
Azorean Heather  Erica azorica
Description Evergreen shrub or small tree, to 6 m. Simple needle-like leaves. Flowers in terminal panicles with green petals tinged with purple forming a belled corolla of 1.5-1.75 mm. Fruit is a dry capsule. It’s common on coastal cliffs, dry hillsides, recent lava flows and hedges, to 1,500 m. Old plants are rare due to illegal removal.
Taxonomic Status Endemic to the Azores
Conservation Status Near threatened


Photo Paulo Henrique Silva | SIARAM
Azorean Juniperus  Juniperus brevifolia
Description Evergreen dioecious tree or shrub, to 12 m. Dark green needle-like leaves, to 10 x 2 mm. Oval seeds, 3 per cone. In the past this was the dominant tree of the azorean native forest from 600 to 900 m. Currently, only a few individuals in untouched areas remain.
Taxonomic Status Endemic to the Azores except Graciosa
Conservation Status Endangered


Photo Paulo Henrique Silva | SIARAM
Buckthorn  Frangula azorica
Description Small dioecious tree or bush, to 6 m. Simple elliptic sharply pointed leaves, to 15 x 8 cm. Axillary flower clusters. 4 to 5 petals of pale yellow. Black pulpy berries, with 2 to 3 seeds, of 1 cm diameter. Dispersed to rare in ravines, hedgerows, Laurel and Azorean Juniperus forests, generally from 500 to 700 m.
Taxonomic Status Endemic to the Azores except Graciosa
Conservation Status Endangered


Photo Paulo Henrique Silva | SIARAM
Pau-branco Picconia azorica
Description Evergreen tree or shrub, to 8 m, with pale, smooth bark. Leaves are opposite, simple and lanceolate, to 6 x 3 cm. Short axillary flower clusters, white corolla with 4 lobes. Dark blue oval berries, to 1.5 cm. Locally common, but threatened due to cutting and creation of pastures for cattle. Found on cliffs, in ravines and forests of Faya Trees and Australian Cheesewood, to 750 m.
Taxonomic Status Endemic to the Azores except Graciosa
Conservation Status Endangered


Photo Paulo Henrique Silva | SIARAM
Azorean Dwarf Misteletoe Arceuthobium azoricum
Description Dioecious hemiparasite of Azorean Juniperus. Yellow-green stem, of 5-9 mm. Paired conical leaves, scale-like, to 5 mm. Oval green fruit, 1-3 mm.
Taxonomic Status Endemic to the AAzores except São Miguel, Santa Maria, Graciosa, Corvo and Flores
Conservation Status Endangered


Photo Paulo Henrique Silva | SIARAM
Azorean Ivy  Hedera azorica
Description Evergreen climber, to 20 m, densely hairy stem with simple alternate leaves. Flowers in umbels with 5 petals. Dark blue berries with 2-3 seeds. Common on cliffs, ravines and forests of Australian Cheesewood, Laurel and Azorean Juniperus, to 900 m.
Taxonomic Status Endemic to the Azores
Conservation Status Non evaluated


Photo Paulo Henrique Silva | SIARAM
Azorean Laurel Laurus azorica
Description Dioecious shrub or small tree, to 13 m. Young stems and leaves densely hairy. Elliptic, oblong or obovoid, slightly pointed leaves, aromatic, to 15 x 6 cm. Actinomorphic flowers, pale yellow. Black elipsoidal berries, 1-2 cm. Dispersed in ravines, steep hillsides and forests of Faya Trees and Australian Cheesewood, to 850 m.
Taxonomic Status Endemic to the Azores
Conservation Status Near threatened


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